- Utilitarianism: Does an action produce net good consequences?;
- Deontology: Does an action follow a moral rule? e.g. the Golden Rule: ‘Treat others how you want to be treated’;
- Virtue Ethics: Does an action contribute to virtue (whatever that means–blame Aristotle)?
Ethical practitioners, on the other hand, will be quick to tell you the world doesn’t work so neatly.
Ethics & AI: A Crash Course